The Nam Ha National Protected Area (NPA) landscape is very diverse, characterized by an ever changing mosaic of swidden fields and regenerating forests. Very old forest remains in a few remote areas due to inaccessibility. It is estimated that about 32% of the NPA is undisturbed or primary forest. Within the Nam Ha NPA boundaries, two peaks top 2,000 meters and dozens of rivers and streams criss-cross the NPA’s rugged landscape.

More than 30 mammals inhabit Nam Ha NPA, including rare tigers, leopards, and gaurs (a large, wild cow), although large mammals are very hard to see. There are also some 300 bird species, such as silver pheasants, blue and eared pitas, and a variety of bulbuls.